About Kala Utsav
Living Traditions of Art (Tribal, Folk and Traditional Art Forms) The theme of Kala Utsav is ‘Living traditions of tribal, folk and traditional arts of different regions’. India is a land of performing and visual arts, some of which are gradually fading out from the mainstream. Though these art forms are in the category of our living traditions at present, but if not given due attention, these might disappear in due course of time. States may send their entries for Kala Utsav, focussing on the tribal, folk and traditional art forms of their region. Some examples of the Living Traditions in Arts are: 2.General Guidelines for Kala Utsav In Theatre (i) Ramleela - It is a famous folk theatre form of Uttar Pradesh. It is enacted during Dussehra in most parts of Northern and Central India. The Ramleela of Ramnagar is famous all over the world. (ii) Jatra - It is a popular folk-theatre form of West Bengal. The origin of Jatra, intrinsically a musical theatre form, is traditionally credited to the rise of Sri Chaitanya's Bhakti movement. The Jatra season begins in the autumn, around September and ends before the monsoon sets in. Performances of Jatras are common place after festivities and religious functions, ceremonies in traditional households, and fairs, throughout the region. (iii) Suwang is another such example of theatre in Haryana. Guidelines — Kala Utsav 26 Note: On the similar lines as these examples, the school can select any of their Living Art Traditions for Kala Utsav. All the online projects of Kala Utsav 2015 have been uploaded on Kala Utsav website which schools may view and States/UTs should ensure that items presented in the last year should not be repeated. In Music (i) Pulluvan Paattu from Kerala – A Pulluvan is a male member (female Pulluvatti ) of a particular caste called Pulluvar. The Pulluvar of Kerala are closely connected to the serpent worshipping Mulluthara Devi Temple. The musical instruments used by the Pulluvar are pulluvan veena (one stringed violin), pulluvan kutam (earthernware pot with one string attached to it) and thaalam (bell-metal cymbals). These instruments are made by the Pulluvars themselves. (ii) Traditional Music of the Manganiar tribe of Rajasthan – This is a Muslim community in the desert of Rajasthan, belonging to the districts of Barmer and Jaisalmer, along the border with Pakistan. They are also found in the districts of Tharparkar and Sanghar in the province of Sindh in Pakistan. The Manganiar musicians sing marriage songs, songs on women’s issues, male domination etc. in the state. There are special compositions to praise the patrons and their families; also songs in praise of the Almighty. In Dance (i) Cheraw dance from Mizoram is characterised by the use of bamboo staves which are kept in cross and horizontal forms on the ground. The common costumes worn by the female performers during the Cheraw dance include Thihna, Vakiria, Kawrchei and Puanchei. Expressions of Cheraw dance resemble the swaying of trees and the flying birds. (ii) Rouf dance is one of the most popular traditional dances of Kashmir. This beautiful dance form graces all the festive occasions, especially Eid and Ramzan days. This dance is performed as a welcoming dance for the spring season. The dance is clearly inspired by the bee and it is the lovemaking of the bee that is portrayed in the dance. Guidelines — Kala Utsav 27 2.2 Areas of Art 1. Music 2. Dance 3. Theatre 4. Visual Arts There shall be only one entry for each art form from each State/UT. Thus, each State/UT shall have total of four entries.